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Awans Soldiers

Soldiers of the 30th Punjabis Awan and the 20th Duke of Cambridges Own Infantry" oil painting on Canvas by Alfred Crowdy Lovett

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Awan is the name of a fiercely independent and warlike tribe, settled in the mountainous region of the Salt Range, Punjab, Pakistan, for atleast one thousand year. Their warlike nature and dominant position earned them a powerful reputation in Punjab. Under the British Raj of India, they were designated as a "Martial Race".

At some time between the era of Mahmud of Ghazni and Sultan Shahab ud din Ghori Arabs marauders captured the mountainous region of Salt range and settled in the mountains after they defeated the Janjuas, Gakhars, and other Rajput tribes until they permanently settled.

It is stated in the Imperial Gazetteer of India that “They are essentially a tribe of the Salt Range, where they once held independent possessions of very considerable extent, and in the western and central portions of which they are still the dominant race.” While writing about the Chiefs of Punjab, Sir Lepel Henry Griffin states in his book entitled, “The Panjab Chiefs: the most authentic book on the subject that;

“All branches of the tribe (Awans) are unanimous in stating that they originally came from neighourhood of Ghazni to India, and all trace their genealogy to Hasrat Ali the son-in-law of the Prophet. Kutab Shah, who came from Ghazni with Sultan Mahmud, was the common ancestor of the Awans…….It was only in the Rawalpindi, Jhelam and Shahpur districts that they became of any political importance……. In Shahpur District the Awans held the hilly country to the north west, Jalar, Naoshera (Naushera) and Sukesar, where the head of the tribe still resides.”

Today's articles


A genealogical table of an Awan tribe from an ancient manuscript

Family tree of Ali Ibn Abi Talib

............Jamal ad-Din Hasan ibn Yusuf ibn 'Ali ibn Muthahhar al-Hilli mentioned the names of the twelve generations of this Genealogical table in his book Kihalastah al-Nisab.

Family tree of Qutb Awn ibn Ya‘lā

Qutub Shah married Aysha, a desendant of Hazrat Imam Hussain and begat two son from this Hashmite wife. After he took three wives, Zeenab, Khadija, Kalsoom from among the families of Hindu Rajas..............

Hazrat Qutb Awn ibn Ya‘lā
Abdullah Gohar Shah
Muhammad Ali Kundlan

The Awans of Naushera


"The home of the Awan in the Panjab is the Salt Range",............."The best of the Musalman tribes comes from the Salt range"...............But the main noble branch of Awan tribe maintained their dominian in these mountainous regions. These are undoubtedly the leading tribes among the Awan people. As a whole this is they who have kept alight the lantern of the race. They regards themselves and indeed are regarded as the truest and finest exponents of the Awan tribe in bravery, in dignity, in counsel and many would admit their claim...............

Famous Awans

Famous Awans

The Awans have played and continue to play, prominent roles in areas as varied as politics, the armed forces, academia, literature and sport...............

Martial race

Martial race

.... the most suitable persons for army were available in the north-west part of India...............Of these perhaps the most interesting were the Awans of the Salt Range........."The best of the Musalman tribes comes from the Salt range".

Did you know....

  • History of Awan Tribe

Articles on this Wiki

Main links

Awan in Literature

  • Tareekh Bab-Ul-Awan (A History of the Awan Tribe), Muhammad Noor-ud-Din Sulemani
  • Tareekh Alwi, Maulvi Haider Ali
  • Griffin, L.H., 1865, The Panjab Chiefs: Historical and Biographical Notices of the Principal Families in the Territories Under the Panjab Government, Chronicle Press, p.p. 570-571.
  • History of Awan, by Muhammad Sarwar Khan Awan, 2009 by the Al- Faisal Nashran, Lahore.
  • Talbot, W.S., 1991, Gazetteer of the Jhelum District 1904: Part 1, Sang-e-Meel Publications, p.100 and Kaul, H., 1912, Report on the Census of Punjab 1911, p.p.445-446.
  • Rose, H.A., 1997, A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province, Nirmal Publishers and Distributors, p.p. 25-29.
  • Ibbetson, D., 2001, Punjab Castes, Sang-e-Meel Publications, p.170.
  • Tan, T.Y., 2005, The Garrison State: The Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, 1849-1947, Sage Publications India Pvt Ltd, p.74.
  • Sarwar, S., 2002, Wadi Soon Sakesar: The Soon Valley, Al-Faisal Nashran,